Saturday, June 16, 2012

Important Dates from History to Remember

Some Important Dates of history to remember and 5 of which are explained why they are so important.
1455: Johannes Gutenberg prints the first book, the Bible. This leads to mass production of books. Around the year 1500, there were more than 1000 printers all around Europe. This led to an exposure of knowledge. This also led to seeking of knowledge and scholarly research.
1505: Regarded as one of the Masters of the Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci paints The Mona Lisa.
1517: On October 31, 1517 Martin Luther presented a list called the 95 Theses that was an objection to the Church’s practice of indulgences.
1518: A Spanish ship carrying the first boat full of African slaves travels to the Americas. This led to a surge of slave trade that would last for over 2 centuries.
1521: Due to the Church not being able to accept Martin Luther’s ideas they decided to excommunicate him in January of 1521. This leads Luther on to create Lutheranism and be successful due to having the support of many German rulers and numerous states of the Holy Roman Empire.
1603: Queen Elizabeth the First dies.
1618: The Thirty Years’ War begins.
1642: A Civil war in England begins. This is considered the English Revolution.
1648: The Thirty Years’ War ends.
1689: Peter the Great becomes the Russian Czar. This leads to a conquest going west and later a westernization of Russia.
1775: The American Revolution begins. This leads to the creation of the country The United States of America.

An in Depth description of 5 significant events from history
1. 1455: In this year a man by the name Johannes Gutenberg printed a book for the first time ever. This first printed book was the Bible. This innovation led to many printers being built around Europe. With all these printers built, the spread of knowledge was rapid. This led to many more people becoming more educated than before, leading to a period when knowledge was accessible and steadily available. By the year 1500 the amount of printers in Europe was more than 1000. This opened the door to seekers of knowledge and scholarly research. Due to this more denominations were allowed to spread around the world and there was slightly less oppression from the Catholics of the time period. 

2. 1505: In this Year an artist by the name of Leonardo Da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa. This Painting had a great impact in the arts from then on to modern times. This impact was felt so greatly for the following reasons. The Mona Lisa was a break from most of the traditional style of paintings at the time which were full body. The pose of the painting that Leonardo introduced was unknown at the time and was copied almost immediately. The waist up style was famously copied by another artist of the time Raphael. The realism of the painting also showed his mastery of his craft making others want to imitate him causing an increase in painters and sculptures of the time. Leonardo’s style of realism has been imitated many times since some even claim their own work as his. Even now people still admire him and his artwork for its impact during the renaissance.

3. 1521: For many years the monk and professor by the name Martin Luther had been trying to make changes in the church and how they viewed things. After presenting The Ninety-five Theses and moving toward breaking away from the church he was excommunicated. This was due to not being able to accept Martin Luther’s at the time radical ideas. These series of events that led Martin Luther to being excommunicated also led him to eventually begin the Lutheranism movement which also led eventually to the Protestant religion.

4. 1689: This is the year Peter the Great became the Russian Czar. With this occurrence came a change in the lifestyle of the Russians. With becoming the Czar Peter the Great like those before him had an absolute monarchy claiming the divine right to rule. Peter the Great would become known as such after many accomplishments. After a trip to the west and returning to westernize Russia, and reorganized the military power. He also left a great legacy, creating the first Russian Navy, dividing Russia into Provinces conquering a great portion of the east, and westernized Russia. His rule would have an impact that would affect for years to come.

5. 1775: The American Revolution begins. This is the first resistance to the English government. Eventually due to the Napoleonic wars, Great Britian has to move its troops from North America back to Great Britian to fight against the French Forces eventually allowing United States to become an independent nation.

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